E And here’s the 7ab news … 29.07.2020 16.59 Uhr
During the last weeks the students of class 7ab have been working on the question of how to write a high-styled newspaper article. What you can see here are the results of the students’ work on a topic of their own choice:
Eight million gods?
Do you know which country has the highest number of gods? Maybe ancient Rome? No, it’s Japan with more than 8 million gods including all their myths and legends. And now we’re going to tell you about one of them.
At first you have to know more about legends in Japan:
Those legends are full of epic tales of adventures combined with deep reflections on life as such. They consist of stories derived from traditional beliefs and incorporate elements of both Shinoto mythology and Buddhism. Like this all the myths have been passed on from generation to generation in a spoken or written way.
The most famous legend in Japan is that of Amaterasu and Susanoo. Amaterasu is the goddess of the sun and she was the most beautiful woman in her days. Her brother is called Susanoo and he’s the god of the sea.
One day Susanoo was angry and jealous of Amaterasu and killed her horse. When Amaterasu noticed what was going on, she got out of the palace and hid in a cave in the mountains. That’s why her light didn’t shine onto the earth anymore and nearly all the plants withered away. Other gods started a search for Amaterasu and when they found her, they attempted to convince her to come back out of the cave. When she did, her light was so strong that Susanoo and many demons were driven back into the underworld and all ended well.
Now you know one stories from Japan and if you’d like to know more, there are millions of them left to read.
(by Shinan Liu and Lea Starke)
Do you know Fridays For Future?
On those days lots of children and teenagers protest against climate change on the street. The changing climate is a big problem both for people and animals, because our planet becomes hotter every year and there isn’t enough rain.
But the forest fires in Australia are by far the biggest problem. The temperatures are so hot there, sometimes they even climb above 40 °C, so that more than 100 fires break out every year in an area of 126,000 km2. Many people are scared because the fires ruin 5,900 buildings and altogether 240,000 people had to leave their homes. Another 445 people died in their houses when they burnt down last year.
It’s not only the people who are scared, but also many different animals who live in the forests and in the bush. Lots of kangaroos died in the fire although they can jump wide because the flames were so hot and the air was full of dirt. Apart from that many koala bears died, too, because they moved too slowly and the flames rose too high when the koala bears tried to hide up in the trees.
Luckily there is a solution for the animals: There are rescue stations at which they get food and drink and where they can grow healthy again. After that they are brought back into the forest.
All that is not enough, we have to reduce climate change because if it continues like that the number of fires in Australia will increase. You don’t want to see the forest in Australia to vanish and the animals to become extinct. We do too little for the environment although everyone knows that it’s our fault.
(by Felicia Dyroff)
Will it be like that in Germany in 15 years’ time?
Germany is one of the largest economies worldwide and also one of the greatest beer-makers, but it’s a country in a crisis. We have to talk about rising temperatures, floods, droughts, public health and food and water security.
Let’s start with the constantly rising temperatures. A couple of years ago there were only three very hot days a year in which the temperature rose above 30 °C, but these days there are eight. Berlin, Hamburg and Cologne are caught up in the so-called “urban heat island effect”. This happens when the temperature in the cities is higher than in the surrounding rural areas, as they have many more buildings and tarmac streets. As a result the air in the cities is on average 10 °C higher than in rural areas. Nevertheless you can see the consequences in rural parts, too, e.g. the glaciers in the Alps are melting away and rivers become generally smaller, which might turn into a serious problem for power plants which depend on them.
Let’s move on to floods and droughts. In summer it is very dry and that’s why there can be forest fires in different parts of the world. Then again in winter it often rains and floods are more likely. The sea level is also rising because of the changing climate.
This situation is not good for people’s health as it may lead to heart attacks, heat strokes and organ failures. Disease carriers could easily migrate into new habitats and because of the mild winters they can survive. Another proof of rising temperatures is the fact that the pollen season starts earlier.
Food and water security will become a problem, too. There’ll be less fresh drinking water as rivers and lakes will carry smaller amounts of water. That’s also a reason why food won’t grow easily anymore. Plant diseases and pests will spread so that the fruit production is becoming more and more difficult.
All those problems have to be tackled now and not later, that’s why we all have to do something about them.
(by Aline Liebhart)
The Chernobyl disaster – the worst nuclear disaster in history
On April 26th 1986 an accident in the INES7 level of reactor 4 took place at the Soviet nuclear power plant in Chernobyl which is located near the border to Belarus and the Ukraine. This accident caused the reactor to explode and a massive cloud of highly dangerous radioactive material and gases contaminated not only the area and cities around the npp, but also large parts of Europe.
On April 25th technicians attempted an experiment at unit 4. The reactor’s power-regulation systems and the emergency safety systems were shut down and most of the control rods were removed from its core. The reactor ran at 7% of its full power, however the lowest level at which it is designed to run is 20 %. On any point below 20 % the reactor would threaten to become uncontrollable. At 1:23 am the following night a chain reaction in the core of the reactor went totally out of control, the core melted completely and the reactor exploded. The massive cloud of radioactive material spread even as far as Europe because it was carried along by air currents. On April 27th 30,000 inhabitants nearby the city of Prypyat had to be evacuated immediately.
Only two days after the explosion, Swedish monitoring stations recorded unusually high levels of wind-transported radioactivity. But the cover-up by the Soviet government failed this time. That’s why they had to admit that there had been a serious accident at the npp at Chernobyl. Understandably this piece of news caused an international outcry as large parts of central Europe were affected, including Germany, France and Italy. People had been warned not to go outside, especially when it was raining as the rain itself was contaminated with radioactivity.
The broken reactor had to be secured by workers many of who died right afterwards. Later in the year unit 4 was covered by a sarcophagus made of steel and concrete and a zone of 30 km around the npp was created which no one was allowed to enter. It covered 2,634 km2 and was later expanded to 4,143 km2. However the plant wasn’t completely shut down until the year 2000 when unit 3 was closed as well.
In the years following the Chernobyl disaster, many people and animals were born deformed all across Europe and many people got diseases caused by radioactivity. In the end the nuclear disaster of Chernobyl became the worst one in the history of peaceful use of nuclear power and it shows that however economic or effective the use of nuclear power might be, the dangers are much higher than that.
(by Cleo Bender)
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